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Tuesday 23rd April 2024
Value Investing: How does it work?
By Rakibul Hossen

Value Investing: How does it work?

Value investing is a form of active management that seeks to find stocks that are undervalued by the market and are expected to appreciate considerably. If you are an investor of long-term, then you should understand value investing. If you take value investing, then you will be able to invest in companies that do not have a good name but have a hidden potential.

Nowadays many people are interested in stock markets, how to invest and how to select stocks. Therefore, many people seek the concept of value investing. If the company has a good reputation and is performing well, then why shouldn’t we choose it? Because even if the market is good and is doing very well, you can still lose money. So, for any investor of long term, it is better to be as safe as possible, so we can earn solid profits. This kind of thinking makes us more likely to choose value investing.

What is value investing?

Value investing is an investing strategy that focuses on buying stocks that are undervalued by the market. Value investors believe that these stocks will eventually be recognized by the market and will go up in price. The goal of value investing is to buy stocks at a price below their intrinsic value and then wait for the market to realize the error and correct it. Over time, this should lead to significant appreciation in the stock price.

In other words, value investing is the “search for stocks that are undervalued by the market, relative to their intrinsic value.” This is achieved through the application of some fundamental analysis and a little common sense. You can use value investing to find stocks that are cheap, but you will ultimately have to make your own judgments on whether they are cheap for a reason or if they are just cheap.

It is a type of investing strategy that relies on the intrinsic values of a business as opposed to the price or market value of the securities it holds. It is a long-term investment strategy that focuses on companies that are undervalued in the market. The greatest value investors of all time, Benjamin Graham and Warren Buffett, believed that buying a stock at a discount to its true value was one of the best ways to generate long-term returns.

It is a proven strategy that helps you to buy stocks of high quality companies at bargain prices. This means you can still earn the big returns you want, even if the market is volatile or stocks are falling in value. You just need to know how to find those great stocks and make sure they’re value investments.

When you are finding value and making an investment, you are purchasing a stock that is likely to appreciate and sell for more than you paid for it. If you are correct in your opinion that the stock is undervalued, you will be able to make a profit. If you are wrong, you will have either a breakeven or a loss.

What is value investing

How to value a stock?

There are a few different ways to value a stock. One way is to look at the price-to-earnings ratio. This is a ratio of the stock price to the company’s earnings per share. A lower price-to-earnings ratio means that the stock is undervalued.

Another way to value a stock is to look at the price-to-book ratio. This is a ratio of the stock price to the book value of the company. The book value is the value of the company’s assets minus its liabilities. A lower price-to-book ratio means that the stock is undervalued.

Value investors use these ratios and other methods to find stocks that they believe are undervalued. They then buy these stocks and hold them until the market recognizes their true value.

Why Value investing?

There are many reasons why investors use value investing, but one of the most important reasons is that it is a proven method for making money in the stock market. By definition, value investing is the process of buying stocks that are undervalued by the market and holding them until they reach their intrinsic value. Many successful investors, such as Warren Buffett, have made their fortunes using this strategy.

One of the main reasons why value investing works is because it takes advantage of the fact that the stock market is often inefficient. In other words, stock prices don’t always reflect the true value of a company. This means that there are often opportunities to buy stocks at a discount. Over time, as the market realizes the true value of the company, the stock price will go up and the investor will make a profit.

Another reason why value investing is so popular is because it is a relatively low-risk strategy. Unlike other types of investing, such as growth investing, value investing is not reliant on timing the market perfectly. Value investors are more focused on finding companies that are undervalued and are willing to hold onto them for the long term. This means that they are less likely to lose money if the market takes a turn for the worse.

Overall, value investing is a proven method for making money in the stock market. It takes advantage of market inefficiently and is relatively low-risk. For these reasons, it is a favorite strategy amongst many successful investors.

What is Intrinsic Value?

The intrinsic value of a company is an estimate of the present value of all future cash flows that it can be expected to produce. In other words, intrinsic value is the dollar amount that a company would be worth if it was liquidated and the proceeds were distributed to its shareholders.

Intrinsic value is the theoretical value of a company based on its assets, liabilities and expected future cash flows. The intrinsic value does not take into account the price at which shares are currently trading in the stock market. Intrinsic value can change over time as companies grow, shrink or make major capital expenditure decisions such as buying new equipment or building a new factory. In some cases, investors will pay more for a stock than the stock’s actual intrinsic value. This occurs when it is difficult for investors to determine a company’s true worth and there is a high degree of uncertainty about future cash flows. In other cases, investors may be willing to sell their stocks (or short stocks) at prices that are lower than the company’s intrinsic value because they believe that the share price will decrease in the future.

How to measure intrinsic value

How to measure intrinsic value?

There are a number of different ways to measure intrinsic value, but the most common method is to look at the underlying earnings power of the business. Earnings power represents the ability of a company to generate profits, and it is largely determined by the quality of the company’s assets and its competitive position in its industry. If a company has strong earnings power, it should be able to weather short-term fluctuations in the market and continue to generate profits over the long run. As such, earnings power is considered one of the most important factors in determining intrinsic value.

Another way to think about intrinsic value is as an estimate of what a company would be worth if it were bought out by another firm or taken private by its current shareholders. In order for this hypothetical sale to occur, buyers would need to be confident that they could continue running the business profitably into the future. As such, they would need to believe that they could generate enough cash flow from operations (after paying all necessary expenses) to service any debt used to finance the purchase and still have enough left over to pay themselves a reasonable return on their investment.

There are a few key things to keep in mind when estimating intrinsic value. The first thing to remember is that you should only focus on the next few years when estimating intrinsic value. This is because anything beyond that is too difficult to predict with any degree of accuracy.

Another important thing to keep in mind when estimating intrinsic value is the quality of the company’s management team. A good management team can make even a mediocre company successful, while a bad management team can tank even the best companies. For this reason, it’s important to research a company’s management team before investing in it.

Finally, it’s also important to remember that intrinsic value is an estimate, not an exact number. No one knows for sure what a company will be worth in the future, so it’s important to use your best judgment when estimating intrinsic value.

Value Investing and Margin of Safety

Margin of safety is a key concept in value investing. Margin of safety is the difference between the intrinsic value of a business and the price paid by an investor to acquire shares of that business. The margin of safety can be measured as a percentage of the intrinsic value and represents a risk-adjusted return on investment, or return on equity. When investing, your goal is to purchase at a price below the stock’s intrinsic value. In that case, you would be receiving a margin of safety.

You receive a margin of safety through various methods. One of them is through the use of a margin of safety on the purchase price. You can purchase the stock at a price lower than the intrinsic value. For example, if you pay BDT 50 for a stock that’s worth BDT 60, you have purchased the stock at a discount and have the margin of safety. This margin offers you a chance to earn a reasonable rate of return on your investment.

Value Investing Checklist

Value investing is a simple concept, but can be difficult to implement. In this section, I will outline key aspects of value investing and offer a checklist that all value investors should consider when analyzing a company. This list is by no means exhaustive. There are many other factors that may be relevant for your particular situation, but these are the major ones.

  1. Business Quality: The first thing to consider is the quality of the business. Value investors are interested in high quality businesses that can be purchased at low prices. The most important factor that determines the quality of a business is its ability to earn a high return on capital over time. This is the simplest and most important factor that determines the ability of a business to increase its intrinsic value over time.

  2. Management: Management matters more than the business itself. The business is just a collection of assets; management turns those assets into profits. A good management team can make a bad business look good, or a mediocre business look great. Management’s ability to add value is a function of their skills and their integrity. The two are highly correlated. A good manager is a person of integrity.

  3. Buying on Margin of Safety: When analyzing the value of a company, you should be seeking to purchase the stock for less than what the company is worth. How much less? That depends on the quality of the business, but the objective should be clear cut: no 10% discounts, no 20% discounts, but significant discounts of 50% or more.

  4. Determine the intrinsic value of the company: This is usually done by estimating the future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to present value. When determining the intrinsic value of a company, future cash flows are estimated and then discounted back to present value. This gives you an idea of what the company is actually worth, rather than its market price.

  5. Compare the intrinsic value to the market price of the stock: If the stock is trading below intrinsic value, it may be a good investment. Comparing the intrinsic value to the market price helps you to see if the stock is trading below its true worth. If so, it may be a good investment.

  6. Consider other factors such as competitive advantages, and financial health before making a final decision.

  7. Be patient! Value investing requires patience because you are waiting for the market to recognize the true value of your investment.

  8. Stay disciplined! It can be tempting to sell when your stock is down or buy when it is up, but stick to your original analysis and only buy or sell if there has been a change in circumstances.

Risk of Value Investing

There are a number of risks associated with value investing. One risk is that a stock may never reach its intrinsic value if there are no buyers willing to pay that price. This could occur if the company’s earnings power deteriorates or if competitors enter the market and erode its competitive advantage.

Another risk is that even if a stock reaches its intrinsic value, there’s no guarantee that it will stay there; the market could correct itself soon after reaching equilibrium.

Finally, calculating intrinsic value can be difficult and subject to interpretation, so even experienced investors may sometimes disagree about whether a particular stock is under- or over-valued.

Value investing requires an investor to take a long term view. This is because it may take several years for value stocks to outperform more expensive growth stocks. Value investing also takes considerable time, effort and skill to implement successfully. It is unlikely to work in the short term unless you are using a momentum strategy where you buy stocks that have recently had strong performance relative to their peers and hold them until they revert back towards their average historical level.

Despite these risks, value investing can be a successful strategy for long-term investors who are patient and disciplined enough to wait for the market to corrected discrepancies in share prices. By carefully researching companies with strong earning potential and selecting those whose share prices appear undervalued, investors can position themselves to profit from eventual market corrections. Discrepancies between a stock’s intrinsic value and its market price provide opportunities for value investors to profit from eventual market corrections.


Value investing is all about discipline and sticking to the fundamentals of great business. It’s an approach to buying and selling stocks that focuses on the intrinsic value of a company, not its current share price. Value investors don’t buy because a stock is popular or has performed well in the past. Instead, they focus on the value of the underlying business and what it will be worth in the future.

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